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Australia Imposes Fumigation Requirements to Beat the Khapra Beetle

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작성자 최고관리자 댓글 0건 조회 921회 작성일 21-07-22 09:34

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Australia Imposes Fumigation Requirements to Beat the Khapra Beetle

19/07/2021

 

Australia has introduced new rules to tackle Khapra beetle infestation that require containers from high risk countries to be fumigated.

 

From 12 July 2021, containers from 40 designated countries, as listed by the Department for Agriculture, Water and Environment (DAWE), must undergo treatment to prevent the migration of this invasive species using methyl bromide, heat treatment or pesticides. A certificate confirming treatment must be issued before leaving the port of export.

The pest

The Khapra Beetle (Trogoderma granarium) is yellowish brown to dark brown and is shaped like an oval. Adults can grow to between 1.6 and 3 millimetres long and may have small, fine hairs on their wings.

 

It has been identified by Australia as a major biosecurity risk. It feeds on grains and other dry foodstuffs, causing damage to the produce while also infesting goods with larval skins and hairs that are difficult to remove.

 

See https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/resources/pests-diseases/hungry-pests/the-threat/khapra-beetle/khapra-beetle

Fumigating containers

Containers that have undergone fumigation are subject to the IMO IMDG Code and are required to be classified as UN3359 (Class 9) regardless of the original cargo characteristics (unless those were IMDG cargo in which case the normal classification applies, with the fumigation in addition).

However, Rob van Uffelen from cargo experts de Haas van Oosterhout advises us that:

  • Class 9 placards are not required but instead a fumigation mark on the door(s) must be applied.

  • A document (sometimes a dangerous good declaration is used but not mandatory) with details of the fumigant must be submitted to the master.

  • Heat treatment normally does not apply to cargo but is usually used for wooden pallets and wooden lashing poles etc. If heat treatment is the only action taken, due to the type of cargo, it would not be declared as UN3359.

  • A certificate proving the wooden materials are heat treated is required.

  • Methyl Bromide is an ozone depleting substance and prohibited in many countries.

Complying with the IMDG Code

The entry for UN3359 in the IMDG Code states:

A FUMIGATED CARGO TRANSPORT UNIT is a closed cargo transport unit containing goods or materials that either are or have been fumigated within the unit. The fumigant gases used are either poisonous or asphyxiant.

 

The gases are usually evolved from solid or liquid preparations distributed within the unit.

The entry refers to Section 5.5.2 of the Code, which includes, amongst other things, that a mark is required to be displayed in accordance with regulation 5.5.2.3.2. It may be in the interest of the container ship operator to make sure spare marks are available on board to replace any that are damaged or missing.

 

Section 5.5.2 of the IMDG Code also imposes requirements on gas detection equipment. Note that there are differences in the requirements between the 2018 and 2020 editions of the IMDG Code.

 

One particular change is that the 2018 edition (which became mandatory on 1 January 2020 and remains valid until 31 May 2022) requires When fumigated cargo transport units are stowed under deck, equipment for detecting fumigant gas(es) shall be carried on the ship with instruction for their use. The 2020 edition (applied on a voluntary basis from 1 January 2021) omits this requirement.

Therefore, carriers should continue carrying the correct gas detection equipment on board if they are carrying such cargo underdeck.

List of designated high risk countries

Afghanistan

Albania

Algeria

Bangladesh

Benin

Burkina Faso

Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)

Cyprus

Egypt

Ghana

Greece

India

Iran, Islamic Republic of

Iraq

Israel

Kuwait

Lebanon

Libya

Mali

Mauritania

Morocco

Myanmar

Nepal

Niger

Nigeria

Oman

Pakistan

Qatar

Saudi Arabia

Senegal

Somalia

South Sudan

Sri Lanka

Sudan

Syrian Arab Republic

Timor-Leste

Tunisia

Turkey

United Arab Emirates

Yemen

 

 

 

 

 

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